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Can Women Grow Beards? Exploring Hirsutism Causes, Treatments & Stigma (2024)

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can women grow beardsYou’re right to wonder, can women grow beards? It’s a valid question, and the answer is yes, some women can develop excessive facial hair growth, known as hirsutism, due to increased male hormone levels.

While it affects only 5-10% of women, hirsutism can result from conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or medications.

Don’t worry, there are treatment options available – from medications to hair removal techniques.

However, this facial hair growth often carries stigma for women, even though it’s a natural bodily response.

If you’d like to better understand the causes, diagnosis, and societal impacts, read on.

Table Of Contents

Key Takeaways

  • Hirsutism, the excessive growth of facial hair in women, affects 5-10% of the female population and is caused by increased androgen (male hormone) levels.
  • Underlying conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), adrenal gland disorders, and certain medications can contribute to hirsutism in women.
  • There has been a long-standing societal stigma surrounding women with facial hair, but the body positivity movement is empowering women to embrace their unique features.
  • Notable historical and modern representations of bearded women, such as Ethel Darling in American Horror Story and Harnaam Kaur, challenge gender norms and advocate for greater acceptance.

Can Women Grow Beards?

Yes, women can grow beards. This condition, known as hirsutism, is caused by increased levels of male hormones (androgens) and affects 5-10% of women. Hirsutism can be due to underlying medical conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or adrenal gland disorders.

What is Hirsutism?

What is Hirsutism
Hirsutism, the excessive growth of coarse, dark hair in women, is caused by increased levels of male hormones called androgens. It affects around 5-10% of women and can result in the development of facial hair, including the potential for some women to grow beards.

Caused by Increased Androgen (male Hormone) Levels

Hirsutism is commonly triggered by increased androgen levels, genetic predisposition, and hormonal imbalances.

This condition can also stem from conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and Cushing disease.

Beyond the physiological aspects, hirsutism faces societal challenges, intertwined with historical stigmatization and current cultural perceptions.

Despite these obstacles, the body positivity movement is gradually reshaping the narrative around hirsutism, empowering individuals to embrace their uniqueness without societal constraints.

Affects 5-10% of Women

Hirsutism, the excessive growth of facial hair in women, affects a surprisingly large 5-10% of the female population.

This condition is caused by increased androgen levels, often linked to polycystic ovarian syndrome or adrenal gland disorders.

Risk factors include family history, certain ethnicities, obesity, and PCOS.

Diagnosis involves medical history, blood tests, and imaging.

Treatment options range from weight loss and medication to hair removal techniques.

While historically stigmatized, some women are embracing their facial hair as a form of self-expression and body positivity.

Causes of Hirsutism in Women

Causes of Hirsutism in Women
Hirsutism, or excessive facial and body hair growth in women, can stem from various underlying conditions. The primary causes include polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), adrenal gland disorders, certain medications like minoxidil or steroids, and idiopathic cases where the origin is unknown.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS, a leading cause of hirsutism, triggers excess androgen production, leading to coarse facial hair growth in women. Managing PCOS through lifestyle changes and medications can help control this hormonal imbalance and reduce unwanted hair.

Adrenal Gland Disorders

Adrenal gland disorders like congenital adrenal hyperplasia and Cushing’s syndrome can also cause excessive androgen production, leading to hirsutism in women. These conditions require specialized medical treatment.

  1. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
  2. Cushing’s Syndrome
  3. Adrenal Cancer
  4. Hyperandrogenism

Certain Medications

Certain medications like minoxidil, steroids, and cyclosporine may lead to drug-induced hirsutism in women by affecting hair growth. Birth control pills and anti-androgen medications are options for managing this side effect. Consider consulting a healthcare provider.

Idiopathic (unknown Cause)

In some cases, the cause of excessive facial hair growth in women remains a mystery. This condition, known as idiopathic hirsutism, may stem from:

  1. Increased sensitivity of hair follicles to normal androgen levels
  2. Genetic predisposition and familial factors
  3. Underlying insulin resistance or hormonal imbalances

Risk Factors for Hirsutism

Risk Factors for Hirsutism
You’re more likely to experience hirsutism if you have family members who’ve had it, especially if you’re from a Mediterranean, South Asian, or Middle Eastern background. Being obese or having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also increases your risk of developing excessive facial and body hair growth.

Family History

When it comes to comprehending the risk factors for hirsutism, family history holds paramount importance. If a family lineage exhibits a history of hirsutism, particularly among individuals of Mediterranean roots, South Asian heritage, or Middle Eastern ancestry, the probability of hirsutism occurring intensifies, highlighting a substantial genetic connection.

Here’s a table that furnishes an overview of the nexus between family history and hirsutism:

Risk Factor Connection to Hirsutism
Family History Strong genetic link; increases likelihood of hirsutism
Mediterranean Roots Higher prevalence of hirsutism in individuals with this ancestry
South Asian Heritage Increased risk of hirsutism based on ethnic background
Middle Eastern Ancestry Genetic predisposition to hirsutism in populations from this region
PCOS Connection PCOS often runs in families and is closely linked to hirsutism

Certain Ethnic Backgrounds (Mediterranean, South Asian, Middle Eastern)

Women of Mediterranean, South Asian, and Middle Eastern heritage are more prone to hirsutism due to genetic predisposition. Cultural perceptions and societal pressure often drive these women to seek hair removal treatments like laser, electrolysis, or waxing.

  • Ethnic predisposition to excess facial hair
  • Genetic inheritance of hirsutism traits
  • Cultural perception of female facial hair
  • Societal pressure to conform to beauty norms
  • Growing body positivity movement embracing hirsutism


Obesity can increase your risk of hirsutism by affecting hormone levels. Losing even 5% of your body weight may lower androgen levels and reduce excessive hair growth. Genetics and conditions like PCOS also play a role in hirsutism.


If you have PCOS, a hormonal disorder, you may experience irregular periods, fertility issues, and weight gain – all of which can contribute to excessive facial hair growth. Embrace your unique beauty, like advocates Harnaam Kaur and Clémtine Delait.

Diagnosis of Hirsutism

Diagnosis of Hirsutism
To diagnose hirsutism, your doctor will first take a detailed medical history and ask about your symptoms, family history, and any medications you’re taking. They’ll then order blood tests to check your hormone levels, such as testosterone and androgens, to identify any underlying hormonal imbalances.

Medical History

Your doctor will ask about your medical history to diagnose hirsutism. They’ll want to know about your family history, ethnicity, weight, and any medications you take. This information helps identify the underlying cause, whether it’s PCOS, an adrenal disorder, or idiopathic hirsutism.

Blood Tests to Check Hormone Levels

Your doctor will likely order blood tests to measure your hormone levels. This can help identify the underlying cause of your hirsutism, such as:

  • Elevated testosterone
  • High levels of other male hormones (androgens)
  • Imbalances in female hormones like estrogen and progesterone

Knowing your specific hormonal profile is key to developing an effective treatment plan.

Imaging Tests (ultrasound, MRI) to Check for Underlying Conditions

If your doctor suspects an underlying condition, they may order imaging tests like ultrasounds or MRIs. These can help identify cysts on your ovaries or tumors on your adrenal glands – common causes of hirsutism. The results guide your treatment plan and help your doctor get to the root of your excessive hair growth.

Treatment Options for Hirsutism

Treatment Options for Hirsutism
To manage hirsutism, you may consider the following:

Weight loss if obesity is a contributing factor.

Hormonal therapy like birth control pills or anti-androgen medications that can help regulate androgen levels.

Cosmetic treatments such as eflornithine cream.

Hair removal techniques like waxing, shaving, laser, or electrolysis can provide relief by reducing the appearance of unwanted facial and body hair.

Weight Loss for Obesity

If excess weight is contributing to your hirsutism, losing weight through diet and exercise can help lower androgen levels and reduce unwanted hair growth. Consult your doctor about safe, effective weight loss strategies.

Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills can help control hormone levels and reduce excessive hair growth. They’re often a long-term solution, but may cause side effects like weight changes or mood swings.

Anti-androgen Medications

Anti-androgen medications like spironolactone and cyproterone acetate can effectively treat hirsutism by:

  1. Blocking androgen receptors
  2. Reducing androgen production
  3. Inhibiting 5-alpha reductase

These drugs often work best when combined with birth control pills to manage hormonal imbalances and promote hair growth reduction.

Eflornithine Cream

Eflornithine cream is used for hirsutism. It has minimal side effects, but its efficacy, cost, and availability need consideration for treatment planning. It’s a useful alternative to hair removal techniques.

Hair Removal Techniques (waxing, Shaving, Laser, Electrolysis)

For lasting hair removal, consider waxing, laser treatments, or electrolysis. Shaving provides quick results but regrowth is rapid. Explore the pros and cons of each method to find your best fit.

Societal Perceptions and Stigma

Societal Perceptions and Stigma
There has been a long-standing stigma surrounding women with facial hair across various cultures and societies. This stigma can be traced back to influential ideas like Darwin’s theory of sexual selection, which shaped perceptions of excessive facial hair in women as an undesirable trait.

Historical and Cultural Stigma Against Women With Facial Hair

Throughout history, women with facial hair have faced immense stigma and ridicule. Society’s rigid beauty standards have long deemed female facial hair as unnatural and unattractive, leading many to feel ashamed and compelled to remove it. However, the body positivity movement is empowering women to embrace their unique features with self-acceptance.

Stigma Perception
Facial hair on women seen as unnatural Pressure to conform to narrow beauty ideals
Ridiculed and shamed for non-conformity Struggle for self-acceptance in the face of societal judgment

Varying Perceptions Across Different Races and Cultures

The perceptions of bearded women vary greatly across cultures and races. While some view it as a sign of masculinity, others see it as a natural expression of femininity. Societal stigma often forces women to hide or remove their facial hair, regardless of its underlying causes.

Influence of Darwin’s Ideas on Sexual Selection

Darwin’s ideas on sexual selection deeply influenced cultural perceptions of women with excess facial hair, fueling historical stigma. Yet, modern representation and the body positivity movement empower women to embrace their natural features, challenging outdated notions of beauty and gender norms.

Notable Women With Beards in History

Notable Women With Beards in History
Throughout history, there have been notable women whose beards challenged societal norms and cultural perceptions.

Early accounts include the iconography of the bearded Mary from the 8th century.

Gerald of Wales’ descriptions in the 12th century Topographia Hibernica.

The legend of St. Wilgefortis, a crucified woman who grew a beard as a punishment for her piety.

Other documented cases involve real women like Hela Antonia in the 16th century.

Magdala Vtura portrayed by Jusepe de Ribera in the 17th century.

The famous 19th-century circuses that featured bearded ladies as novelties.

Iconography of the Bearded Mary

The iconography of the Bearded Mary, dating back to the Carolingian dynasty, challenges traditional gender norms. This rare medieval depiction suggests that sexually chaste women could become like men, even growing beards. Such imagery celebrated the martial heroism of female saints, defying societal stigma against women with facial hair.

Topographia Hibernica by Gerald of Wales

In the 12th century, Gerald of Wales documented the bearded women of Ireland in his work Topographia Hibernica. This medieval text offers a glimpse into the cultural perceptions and folklore surrounding Celtic women with facial hair. Gerald’s vivid descriptions shed light on the complex attitudes concerning female hirsutism in medieval Ireland.

  • Gerald of Wales chronicled the bearded women of Ireland in Topographia Hibernica.
  • This medieval text reveals the cultural attitudes toward female facial hair in Celtic folklore.
  • Gerald’s vivid descriptions provide insight into the complex perceptions of hirsute women in 12th century Ireland.

Wilgefortis, Hela Antonia, Magdala Vtura, and Other Historical Figures

Throughout history, remarkable women with beards have defied gender norms. From the iconography of the bearded Mary to the portraits of Magdala Vtura, these figures challenged societal expectations and paved the way for greater gender diversity and queer representation. Their stories remind us that beauty transcends narrow definitions.

Modern Representation and Advocacy

Modern Representation and Advocacy
Representations of bearded women are becoming more visible in popular culture, such as Ethal Darling in American Horror Story, Lettie Lutz in The Greatest Showman, and body positivity advocate Harnaam Kaur. These portrayals challenge societal stigma surrounding female facial hair and advocate for greater acceptance.

Ethal Darling in American Horror Story

In the hit FX series American Horror Story, Kathy Bates portrayed Ethel Darling, a bearded woman who embraced her unique appearance. Ethel’s story challenged gender norms and societal expectations, inspiring viewers to celebrate their authentic selves. Her journey embodied the body positivity movement, empowering women to embrace their natural features without shame.

Lettie Lutz in the Greatest Showman

Lettie Lutz, the bearded woman in The Greatest Showman, represents a shift in societal perceptions. Her character challenges historical stigma against women with facial hair, embracing her unique appearance as a symbol of body positivity and cultural diversity. Lutz’s portrayal humanizes the experiences of those grappling with hirsutism.

Harnaam Kaur, a Body Positivity Advocate

Harnaam Kaur, a body positivity warrior, has become a beacon of empowerment for women embracing their natural features. Her journey of self-acceptance in the face of societal stigma inspires others to challenge cultural norms and historical biases against female facial hair. Kaur’s advocacy amplifies the message that true beauty lies in self-expression.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is it possible for a woman to grow a beard?

Yes, it’s possible for women to grow facial hair, including a full beard. This is often caused by hormonal imbalances or genetic conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or congenital adrenal hyperplasia. While rare, some women embrace their beards as a form of self-expression.

What causes a beard in females?

You grow a beard when male hormones skyrocket. Polycystic ovary syndrome, adrenal disorders, or taking steroids rev that engine. Seize control, embrace your power, and let that hair shine!

Is it rare for a woman to have a beard?

It’s rare, but not unheard of. Around 1 in 20 women experience excessive facial hair growth due to hormonal imbalances or genetic conditions. Embrace your unique beauty – a beard can be a powerful expression of femininity.

Why do older women have a beard?

As women age, hormonal changes can lead to higher androgen levels, causing excess facial hair growth or hirsutism. If left untreated, this can result in a noticeable beard.

Is it normal for women to have facial hair?

Like the moon embracing its craters, facial hair on women is natural yet socially stigmatized. It’s a normal variation, a reflection of hormonal nuances and genetic expression.

Can women naturally grow full, thick beards?

Yes, while rare, some women can naturally grow full, thick beards due to hormonal imbalances or genetic conditions. Embrace your uniqueness – you’re a powerful trailblazer!

What are the cultural attitudes towards women with beards?

Imagine this: a woman’s audacious whiskers, challenging societal dictates. While condemned in certain climes, others embrace it as inherent, fostering self-expression. In the end, enlightenment triumphs.

How do women with beards deal with social stigma?

You can choose to proudly wear your beard, defying societal norms. Surround yourself with supportive communities, and advocate for greater acceptance.

Are there any famous women who proudly wear beards?

You thought bearded ladies were a novelty? Ha! Meet power players Harnaam Kaur and Alma Torres – flaunting fabulous facial hair with fierce confidence. Their beards symbolize self-acceptance, breaking beauty norms.


Ironically, while women can grow beards due to hirsutism, society often stigmatizes this natural occurrence. However, you’ve learned the medical causes, treatments, and historical perspectives surrounding this condition. By understanding hirsutism objectively, we can promote acceptance for women who experience excessive facial hair growth and reduce the misguided prejudice they face.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is a published author and software engineer and beard care expert from the US. To date, he has helped thousands of men make their beards look better and get fatter. His work has been mentioned in countless notable publications on men's care and style and has been cited in Seeker, Wikihow, GQ, TED, and Buzzfeed.