Use best pre-shave oils before the lather, and your razor blades reach your facial skin. pre-shave oil is an excellent lubricant that also provides an extra protective layer against common irritants caused by shaving.
I start the process by applying a pre-shave oil. Yes, some oils help you shave.
I have no quirks with people who start things with soap. But wet shaving has subtle nuances. If you want to enjoy close shave the results of a high-quality shave, you must prepare well for work.
- Pre-shave oils serve as a natural lubricant and are generally safe for the skin
- They are made from just two or three natural ingredients: carrier oils, essential oils, and vitamin a or e oil.
- Help razor blades to glide easily, ensure smooth and comfortable shaving
- Serves as an excellent moisturizer
- Pre-shave oils can also be used during the post-shave process or even used as a beard oil
- Can prevent shaving burn
- Ensures better shaving results than can shaving cream
- Adds an extra protective layer to the skin when used with a double-sided safety razor
If you find this idea of pre-shave oil strange, this is the only guide you will ever need to understand what it is, what products dominate the market, and how to deal with it.
After reading the feedback from many men and doing some of our field tests, we are convinced that we have selected the best pre-shave oils that will make your morning routine something you look forward to:
Table Of Contents
- Things To considering When Buy Pre-shave Oil
- 10 Best Pre-Shave Oils 2019
- 1- The Art Of Shaving Pre-shave Oil Sandalwood
- 2-Thrive Natural Shaving Pre-shave Oil
- 3-American Crew Ultra Gliding Shave Oil
- 4-Lather Wood pre-shave oil
- 5- Taconic Shave Premium All Natural Pre-shave Oil
- 6-Anthony Pre-Shave Oil
- 7-Shaveology Pre Shave Oil for Men
- 8- Seven Potions Pre Shave Oil For Men
- 9-American Shaving Pre Shave Oil For Men
- 10- Pacific Shaving Company Natural Shave Oil
- FAQ Pre-Shave Oils
- Final Words
Things To considering When Buy Pre-shave Oil
The best pre-shave oil enhances your wet shaving experience. It helps you shave smoothly without skin irritation.
We think the following suggestions will help you decide which of the many pre-shave oils is right for you.
Pre-shave oils usually consist of a mixture of different oils (OK, seems obvious), including olive oil, grape seed oil, castor oil, and many others. You can also find vitamin E in most pre-shave oils; it has many benefits for the skin, including helping to relieve inflammation.
Look for ingredients that moisturize the skin, give your face the right amount of smoothness, and make your beard as soft as possible before applying your favorite shaving cream. We also advise you to choose a pre-shave oil made from natural ingredients that do not damage or irritate the skin.
Take into account your skin and facial hair type when deciding which pre-shaving oil you choose. If your skin is rougher and your beard coarse, you should look for a thicker oil that penetrates the skin cells and hair follicles to soften them before shaving.
Pre-shave oils are ideal for men with sensitive skin, and most should work if you are the sensitive (skin) type, but it doesn’t hurt to read the label carefully. If your skin is prone to pimples, look for lighter pre-shave oils that won’t clog your skin’s pores.
The smell of a product is never at the top of the list for choosing a care product, at least not for us. On the other hand, make sure that you do not find the odor offensive because it can stay with you for a while. Also, pay attention to ingredients that help to create a scent, but for which you may be allergic.
The good news is that there are enough odor-free pre-shave oils if the smell is not your thing.
10 Best Pre-Shave Oils 2019
Coming comfortably into your facial hair is not as easy as hitting some foam on your face and dragging a razor over your face. You must prepare your skin. Only a few drops of one of these best pre-shave oils and a new razor blade can transform your experience and smooth your handsome face.
|1||The Art of Shaving Pre-Shave Oil, Sandalwood, 2 fl. oz.|
|2||Thrive Natural Shave Oil for Men, 2Oz – Replaces Pre-Shave Oils, Shaving Creams, Gels, and Foams – Shaving Oil Made in USA with Organic & Unique Premium Natural Ingredients for Healthier Skin – Vegan|
|3||AMERICAN CREW Ultra Gliding Shave Oil, 1.7 Ounce|
|4||Lather & Wood Shaving Unscented Pre-Shave Oil - 1 oz|
|5||Taconic Shave Premium All Natural Pre-Shave Oil (2 oz.) - Unscented - Made in The USA|
|6||Anthony Pre-Shave Oil, 2 Fl Oz|
|7||SHAVEOLOGY Natural Pre Shave Oil for Men – 2 Full OZ - Preshave Oil Protects and Hydrates Your Skin - Prevents Razor Burn, Rashes, Bumps and Ingrown Hairs - No Preservatives - for All Skin Types|
|8||Pre Shave Oil For Men 1 fl oz. All Natural, Organic, Vegan. For Sensitive Skin, Prevents Irritation. A Close Shave With A Premium Shave Oil. Reduces Nicks & Cuts. Lubricates, Protects Face|
|9||American Shaving Pre Shave Oil For Men (2oz) - Original Masculine Scent - 100% Natural Handcrafted Blend w/ Argan & Jojoba - Best Men's Shaving Oil for Effortless Irritation-Free Shaving|
|10||Pacific Shaving Company Natural Shaving Oil - Helps Eliminate Shaving Nicks, & Razor Burn, Soothes & Moisturizes Skin, Reduces Irritation, with Safe, Natural & Organic Ingredients, Made in USA, .5 oz|
The good people of the art of shaving indicate that the average man shaves more than 20,000 times during his life. Although that spends a lot of time on the bathroom mirror, AoS wants nobody to take it for granted.
- It is thick and offers an excellent protective layer for when you grab your razor and get started.
- It contains a large number of natural ingredients, including castor oil, olive oil, and hexyl cinnamal that sounds chemical but is an extract of chamomile
- You will enjoy the lubrication that this oil provides, whether you shave your face or head. it ensures a smooth shave.
- Because it is thicker than many oils, you do not need to use much of it when you apply it to your face. a 2-ounce container must last a long time.
- The art of shavings pre-shave oil has a pleasant sandalwood scent that is subtle and not overwhelming.
Pre-Shave Oil from Art of Shaving is more expensive than some other brands, but you get a quality product that is worth the price.
- Nice blend of essential oils
- Offers excellent lubrication
- The thickness provides protection
- Some users do not like the dispenser
Questions & Answers
Is this an electric shave enhncer?
I do not think so. It is an oil that ensures that your razor blade glides over your face and that you shave smoothly and effortlessly.
Can you use this for shaving heads?
Do not see why not, worth trying as long as you use a razor and not an electric trimmer
Can you use with electric shavers?
This pre-shave oil is only used with safety razors and blades. When used with an electric shaver, the shaver will be gummed with oil over time.
Can this be used as a beard oil for beard care? Or only right before shaving?
I'm sure it's possible. It's just an essential oil, I'm pretty sure. They are usually multifunctional. However, I am growing a beard for the first time, so I don't know much about beard care. What I do know is that this sandalwood art of shaving pre-shave oil is the best-smelling product for men I have ever used.
I have been shaving wet for years, but could never achieve a super-smooth shave due to irritation of my neck and jawline. I tried shaving soap, creams, you name it, and I could never get rid of shaving bumps and ingrown hairs while shaving over my jawline and neck. I have always been interested in The Art of Shaving products and finally decided to pick up some Sandlewood cream and shave oil. If you get the bottle, you might think it's a bit small, but don't worry, because a little goes a long way. I put a drop on my hand the size of a cent and rubbed it into it. I could immediately see that my face was super smooth. After a few seconds I foamed my face with the cream and did my first pass. I could immediately see a huge difference. My razor slid all over my face without friction! I then collected and did my second pass. I usually felt a little razorburn on my face for the second pass, but this time I didn't feel one. I was then able to shave over my jawline and neck and I got all the hair without redness or bumps. I will definitely buy this from now on. You will notice that it will stick a little on your knife when you start cleaning it, but it will come out immediately without a problem.
I recently discovered the Art of Shaving system and love the way it works. I particularly enjoy the scent of the sandalwood formula. The price for this oil seems expensive, but I have compared it to other sandalwood oil and it is about the same. Still, the * concept * is a bit expensive anyway, so I have a way to cut back: 1) I don't use this with every shave, just as I think it takes a little extra effort to get a good shave, or I have a big day on which I would look better2) I apply this with my fingertips and use as little as possible. Some reviewers have pointed out that this stuff is too thick, and they are probably right. The purpose of this is simply to apply a smooth layer to your skin that you will then supplement with shaving cream. When I use the Art of Shaving system, it is a combination of this oil (to prepare your skin and help the razor go over it more smoothly), their shaving cream and their brush (and their after shave skin lotion). I will be the first to admit that this is a luxury - but I really enjoy using the system, and the oil seems to help reduce hooks and eyes. Use it sparingly.
This oil smells great and works great. A few comments: 1. Be sparing. For most men a dollup the size of a dime in your hollow hand should suffice. There must be enough to coat your whiskers, but not so much that your face will look shiny. If you do not use any oil at all, you run the risk of irritation during shaving, if you use too much, your razor will at least glide over some whiskers without friction and will not cut. 2. Oily residues will remain on your razor after shaving. You will probably want to invest in a small spray can with rubbing alcohol in it to spit your razor down after rinsing. You really have to do this, it ensures that your razor lasts longer. Do not invest in this unless you are going to invest in the full wet shaving experience. You need a good brush (badger hair is best), soap that you can soap and a nice aftershave lotion. Although you can use a traditional disposable razor with multiple blades, I highly recommend buying a high-quality safety razor or a razor (if you dare). For convenience you don't shave wet, it's a gastronomic experience. UPDATE - With the amount stated above, my shaving oil lasted 9 days 5 days a week for 9 months.
I have been using this product for many years, but I have always bought it from a real local store. When I received the product, the first thing I noticed was that the label was different. Many of the words on the label were in Spanish and the label had a strip pattern that went up and owns the label as if it came from another country or brand. Other than that, the product seemed to be exactly the same and it worked as advertised. I wish the actual product was in the description and images instead of falsely posting the original product and then sending something else.
My reasons for starting the list with Thrive Natural Shave Oil are simple. This is an oil that blooms with many great properties. I’m sure you have the reference, don’t you?
Let’s not hurry. I will start from the outside and give my readers an idea of what this thing looks like. This shaving oil bottle is supplied with a pump nozzle that can be locked in a fixed position.
The locking mechanism prevents oil leakage or spillage. The oil is absolutely amazing for your skin (I’m going soon), it’s just as great for your razor. This small product provides lubrication and reduces friction during shaving.
Of course, you can enjoy a very smooth shave. Moreover, it extends the life of your razor blades by protecting them against oxidation and microscopic rust.
This is where Thrive Natural Shave Oil is the best pre-shave oil you have ever used. This is because it replaces shaving oil, making pre-shaving oil, creams, foams, and gels unnecessary.
This shaving oil is a lifesaver for people with sensitive and dry skin.
This oil helps hydrate and hydrate your skin, keeping it nourished and irritation-free. Top-quality essential oils are infused with this oil to create a refined yet natural scent.
Thrive Natural has brought together two Costa Rican elements in this product to achieve the best results. These are Juanilama herb and Fiorillo vine. This help reduces shaving burns, ingrown hairs, spots, and acne.
They help heal your skin and also keep it nourished.
Moreover, these ingredients are rich in antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. They also help to protect your skin against damage caused by pollution.
- The face of the users adapts very nicely to the use of flowering pre-shave oil.
- This thing does not cause annoying irritations and removes the existing irritation on your face.
- The protective layer between your beards and the razor blades works! The razors now last longer.
- Antioxidants in the oil help users maintain their younger-looking skin.
- Natural ingredients are also completely safe and hypoallergenic for your skin.
- It has a thin consistency than your average shaving oil, cream, and soap.
- The price will be a daunting factor that will influence the purchasing decision for some.
Questions & Answers
Does this product come in a glass or plastic bottle?
What type of aroma does this thrive oil have? is it citrusy/lemon-lime or some other composition? thanks in advance for your input
Hello Stephen. Thank you for your question. Clients usually describe the aroma of Thrive's shaving oil as \\ lemon, \\ earthy, \\ male \\, \\ lovely light \\ and \\ christmas-y \\ (which sounds like a good thing, at least for those who love Christmas;). Thrive's Shave Oil scent is 100% derived from natural vegetable oils, not synthetic chemicals. Two special plants from Costa Rica with excellent skin protection properties - unique to Thrive's products - form the basis and are supplemented with rosemary, peppermint, eucalyptus, grapefruit, lemon, orange, vetiver and star anise oil. most unique and healthy shaving oil available. We hope you enjoy it when you buy.
How would this work under (applied before) am shave soap???
This product has a soapy consistency when rubbed into the skin with a little water. Try it first, without extra shaving soap. Well shaved for you!
How can one be assured that Thrive products are not contributing to the deforestation of Costa Rican rain forests?
Thank you for your good question. You can actually assure BEYOND that your Thrive purchase is not contributing to the deforestation of Costa Rica or another place. Why? (1) because the business model of flourishing actually affected lands REGENERATES owned by rural farmers. We have selected our special botanical ingredients because of their skin properties AND because of their ability to help restore the natural landscape. We then work with rural farmers in Costa Rica to grow those plants with organic and indigenous techniques that actually make the land healthier and increase biodiversity. (2) the botanical plants that we grow are native to the areas; our team reintroduces these amazing plants back into the local ecosystems, so there is no deforestation. Our team of Costa Rican and American farmers, scientists, students and entrepreneurs is proud of our \\ outdoor sustainability \\ business model that we are building. And we appreciate questions like yours in which we can share our vision to \make things healthier than we have found them.\ Visit our website or our Amazon lists for a short video about our restoration programs in Costa Rica.
I have been using Thrive Shave Oil for half a year. At first I didn't notice much difference with the shaving butter that I used to use. However, I ran out of Thrive about two weeks ago and completely forgot to order more. I thought I'd go back to the old shaving butter until I finished the bottle, waiting for my new Thrive order to arrive. The results were amazing. I immediately started getting ingrown hairs and severe irritation with the first shave. While I continued to use the shaving butter, my shave got worse and worse. The morning my Thrive order arrived, I had several ingrown hairs and a terrible rash. I switched back to Thrive the next day and the irritation disappeared immediately. I was surprised how my face reacted to just over a week without Thrive ... and how quickly it welcomed it. I highly recommend this product for anyone with sensitive skin, especially if you appreciate a smooth shave. My experience: a shave with Thrive feels a bit too close while the knife is on your skin, but your face won't get irritated afterwards. The odor is a little astringent, but washes away almost completely. I do not need to apply again and I shave with and against the grain. I usually use 4 pumps per shave and each bottle lasts about 2 months.
I recently discovered the pleasure of wet shaving and bought several razors (DE and shavettes). The entire process and craftsmanship has become a morning mediation. Why did men ever give this up for cartridge shavers?! (Previously I had cut my beard for no more than 10 years) I realized that I don't want to pack everything while traveling - soap, dishes, brush, etc ... - I went where I went most product discovery, Amazon, and came across this shaving oil. THRIVE STOLE MY MORNING DRITUAL !! Not quite. I still often do the full deed. But this stuff is so great that I usually use this shaving oil most of the time, and now the lotion afterwards. You can feel the tingling healing, it glides incredibly well, and I like to see both the hair removal as I go, and the accumulation on my knife, some immediate feedback. I use this with a Feather Artist Club SS non-folding. I think it's great that it's on Subscribe and save (that's my jam). It is also nice to receive e-mails saying that I help family farmers in Costa Rica by shaving ...
I bought Thrive shaving oil for my husband on the recommendation of a male friend who cares and breathes care products, but does not like to spend ridiculous amounts of money on beautiful labels. My husband immediately became a fan after the first shave! Great scent (which I also loved) plus the small bottle makes it ideal for traveling. He needs so little of the oil to shave, he just keeps it in the toilet bag and never has to think about it. Amazingly smooth, smooth shave - much better than gel or foam. I cannot recommend this product enough. Get it for the man in your life!
The oil is fine. I have to put 4 sprays to make it work. it dilutes with water when applied. don't like the ear skin / herbal scent. update: I just bought my second bottle and what I like the most is that the oil is thin and does not leave my face greasy like many others I have tried. Another good feature is that you feel refreshed by the oil. I don't know if it's another herbal ingredient, but it feels good. I don't like the smell, but it won't stay with you after shaving. it's a light herbal essence that doesn't bother me anymore. I have upgraded the oil to 5 stars, because after trying many of the oils on the market, this is one of the best oils for a good shave.
American Crew has a deep product line that costs more for the average buyer. Part of its allure is the fact that it can be found almost everywhere. This oil is good for reducing bumps and notches for a cleaner, smoother shave. The primary ingredients are a blend of natural oils, including peppermint, cloves, and eucalyptus.
- Meadowfoam seed oil
- Rice bran oil
- Avocado oil
- Babassu oil
- Balsam copaiba
- Clove oil
- Sandalwood oil
- Rosemary oil
What you will see is that this is a fun way to push your hair up and protect you while shaving, while at the same time adding a refreshing scent and drying the dryness of winter or summer days. such a.
With such a complex blend of oils in this shaving oil, the general scent becomes one that is heavier on the clove side (although the scent is not overwhelming), with a subtle hint of rosemary.
- Works for sensitive skin
- Small bottle for the price
Questions & Answers
Can this be used prior to applying shaving cream? Like for a extra glide during your shave?
Of course you can, but I prefer to use this oil alone. It gives a really smooth and smooth shave without pulling the skin. I prefer shaving cream. Great shave.
How long does the 1.7 oz. bottle last? I shave my face about every other day.
I have used other shaving oil and this is my first time with this one. You should only need 3 drops for each shave. Wet your face with hot water, put 3 to 4 drops in your wet palm and apply. Let it sit for about 30 seconds before you start shaving. It results in a great smooth shave. You would get about 3 months, I would imagine from this measuring bottle. I get 6 months or more using this size about 3 times a week. Good luck.
What are the ingredients? i'm not able to find a list. i've used somerset for years but it has a high vegetable oil content which i'd like to ditch.
Ingredients: oil Olive oil PEG-7 Esters, Menthol, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran oil, BHT, Copaifera Officinalis (Balsam Copaiba) Resin, Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Eugenia Caryophyllus (Clove) Flower oil, Mentha Piperita (Peppermint Rosette) Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf oil, Eugenol.
can you use this with an electric razor?
Yes makes your facial hair smoother to shave !!!
I have been using this EXCELLENT pre-shave oil for over a year and I love it. It lasted longer than six months with a shave of at least four times a week. I easily shave my face a few times each time with a DE razor before using this product. Since then I have hardly had any incisions. For that I used a product that looked more like vegetable oil. Although useful, it was a disgusting texture and smell. There was a man (I don't remember his name) who kept saying to try this product in a discussion about pre-shave oils. The conversation almost ignored this guy. I wish I could remember his name because I would like to thank him for recommending American Crew. It has a pleasant feel and smell and makes shaving almost a pleasant experience (I hate shaving). I bought my last bottle back in September 2017 and I have a lot left! I gave the vegetable oil to my cousin and he only used it a few times before putting it in the cupboard. If it were possible, I would give this product ten stars!
The best thing I have found so far is to shave on my sensitive skin, much less pimples as long as I am doing well and not in a hurry. Usually I first take a hot shower and immediately afterwards I use a trimmer, followed by a razor to finish. I'm sure other oils would work equally well, but this is the only one I've tried and despite the small size, 1 has now lasted 7 months for me and some more. I shave 2-3 times a week.
I have been using this for about two years now and it is great. It makes a * huge * difference during shaving, I get a lot less cuts and a shaving fire than without it. However, I have learned two things the hard way: 1) It is much more effective if your face is wet (I started shaving in the shower for this reason) 2) If you shake it, it tends to be a little bit out flies ... and it burns when it comes to your eyes. Always open and close it with the hinge facing you, so if it spits, it goes in the opposite direction
This is my second order. I have always been a fan or a good pre-shave oil and this product is the most exceptional to date. It is not only smooth and clean but also warms up in my hands during application. Sometimes I just shave under shaving foam and sometimes I just shave with just the oil. I don't think I'll go back to using any of the other oils that I used prior to American Crew. Great product at an extremely low price compared to oils that cost twice as much.
Lather and Wood Shaving Co. has worked to offer you a vintage and satisfying shaving experience. This small product is no different here. This oil that I am talking about is infused with sandalwood oil and some more natural oils.
Thanks to the sandalwood oil, this pre-shave oil has a calming scent. This relaxes your daily shave. In fact, those who are fans of the old-school, this sand-soaked pre-shave oil will prove to be the best.
Together with sandalwood oil, this product contains grape seed oil, organic olive oil, meadowfoam oil, wheat germ oil, cranberry oil, red raspberry oil, neem oil, and rosemary extract. These ingredients help to soften even the most difficult beards.
Allows you to enjoy friction-free and seamless shaving every day. Moreover, this oil helps to remove ingrown hairs and is very useful for sensitive skin. People with sensitive skin are sensitive to shaving burns, redness and skin irritation after shaving with the best razor blades.
I often thoroughly massage my beard with this pre-shave oil to coat it and my skin. Believe me, you only need a few drops and you have to wait about 30 seconds to get the best possible result.
How many days the oil lasts is entirely up to you. Each package works for a minimum of 60 shaves.
This pre-shave oil is so good at lubricating your beard and protecting your skin that you can shave by just applying the oil. Lather Wood Shaving Co. has never disappointed its customers. This is suitable for you if you are only going to use pre-shave oils.
- I like the relaxing and subtle “Sandalwood” scent this product carries with it. It lingers on for hours.
- Meadowfoam, Wheatgerm, and Cranberry oils help users to enjoy a friction-free shaving.
- Each pack of this shaving oil lasts for 60 shaves (give or take). How soon it runs out is entirely up to you.
- This Lather
- There are people who think that this one is a bit pricier than it should be.
Questions & Answers
do you get 3 oz or 1 oz
Is this staff/Shaving Oil will work on Panasonic ES8103S Arc3 ? Just want to make sure to not screw up my shaver 😉
If you can rinse it in running water, I dare say it works. It doesn't hide my daily use of Gillete Fusion, my weekend double-sided razor. Leave your face hydrated but not greasy.
Can I use this with shaving gel ?
Yes. Massage the face with the oil and let it work with the hair. This prepares the area for a smooth blade slider.
Is there a list of ingredients?
A great product ... works as advertised .... However, I am a \\ chemist in heart and soul \\. I read labels. That said, I noticed that one of the main ingredients is grape seed oil. I went outside and bought a large bottle of grape seeds in the supermarket (3.99) and brought it home. (Grape seed oil is a natural moisturizer and is used worldwide for skin care products) When I opened it, it smelled of foam and wood. Then I shaved my \\ bargain brand \\ and got a great shave! Make your own conclusions here ... you are smart enough!
Okay, everyone looking at this review is looking for a pre-shave oil. Your search has ended. Scroll up and add this to your shopping cart and purchase. You can also read this review because it contains more information, but you still have to buy this article. Let's start with the product. I ordered the sandalwood scent and I am glad I did. The scent is subtle but very pleasant. I use a sandalwood shaving cream and the Lather \\ u0026 Wood aftershave balm in sandalwood scent. They all go hand in hand and after shaving I enjoy the aroma of the sandalwood products together. The oil feels great on the skin and I can feel a difference in the whiskers prior to shaving. I have not put too much stock in the pre-shave routine when using a razor, but I have found that it makes the difference. This oil does the job and it does well. Now let's talk about customer service. By far the best customer service I have received from any seller on Amazon. After ordering the product the seller contacted me to let me know that they were processing the order and that they were interested in the way the products worked for me after I had had the chance to use them . After a few weeks, they checked in again, because they really care about the performance of the products. Not only did they offer a quality product, they even handed out to see that you were satisfied with it. To put the icing on the cake, they offered to send me another bottle of oil for free! Now how do you complain about that? Finally, they have high-quality products and excellent customer service. If you suffered from reading this review in its entirety, I recommend you. However, the advice here is still the same ... scroll up and buy this product. You will not be disappointed !!!
I have been using regular shaving cream for more than 25 years and have always hated shaving because of a shaving fire. I tried some Lather \\ u0026 Wood after shaving balm, hoping to calm the burn to make it even worse, so I contact the company and let Morgan know what my experience is. He immediately refunded the purchase. However, I asked him if he had recommendations on how to calm the burn, and suggested not to get the burn in the first place. He then sent me an email about the use of his shaving oil, followed by his shaving soap instead of a shaving cream. I followed his suggestions and not only was it much more comfortable and easier to shave this way. No shaving fire! So I tried his aftershave balm again and there was ZERO discomfort. Now I am a customer for life! Great products and even better customer service.
This is actually my first time I use a pre-shave oil. I'm glad I tried it, because the extra comfort is a huge advantage. I have incredibly sensitive skin. The first shaving pass is where I get most of my cuts and cuts. The number of cuts and notches has been reduced enormously. If the oil is combined with the shaving soap as an extra protective layer for the razor blade, shaving is much more comfortable. After washing my face, I would use the oil as a base and then apply the shaving soap. The Sandle wood scent is also pleasant to smell. It is a strong odor in the beginning, but it is in no way too powerful. I highly recommend using this preshave oil. For me it is a very thick and smooth type of oil that is good because you want so much protection for your skin while shaving.
Taconic Shave is an American company that specializes in artisanal, completely natural men’s products, including the Premium All Natural Pre Shave Oil. The latter is a great product for a great price and one that will definitely improve your shaving experience.
Made with a nice list of skin-healthy oils – including safflower oil, grape seed oil, and castor oil – the Taconic shaving oil contains no artificial ingredients that can irritate your skin. Safflower oil provides the necessary moisture for the skin, while castor oil has antibacterial properties and helps to soften your skin and facial hair.
We also love Taconic’s All Natural Pre-Shave Oil because it works great to protect the skin. lubricate and soften stubborn facial hair to make it easier to get a smooth, close shave every time. It also has the right amount of smoothness to make your knife glide more smoothly.
This oil is not as thick as some of the other oils we’ve mentioned here, but that doesn’t mean it doesn’t work in a way that helps improve your shave. In addition, some users appreciate that they do not need to remove excess oil and cream from their knives after every wipe.
It’s also great for use on your head when you move the bald appearance up and down; we even think this is the best pre-shave oil for your head.
Another thing that this oil like is that it comes in an easy-to-use, non-messy dispenser that gives you the right amount every time. get oil. Meanwhile, it has a subtle scent that other scents, such as the scent of your soap, shaving cream or favorite perfume, will not dominate.
- Natural ingredients
- Not irritating
- Subtle, not overwhelming odor
- Some users prefer a thicker pre-shave oil
Questions & Answers
If i'm going to use the taconic shave premium organic pre-shave oil, do i have to also use shaving cream on top of it? or does pre-shaving oil enough?
Do we apply this with each pass of safety razor? Say two to three times?
I apply this as soon as I finish showering. Pump it on your fingers and rub it to the area to be shaved. Then use your favorite foam or shaving cream. Works great, makes my face silky smooth.
Can I use this oil with an electric shaver
There is no reason why you shouldn't be able to. This works on the skin and hair to prepare them for shaving. I have used such pre-shave oils as these with an electric shaver and it has still been useful and has not messed it up with the razor.
Is this REALLY unscented? I used the Art of Shaving brand "Unscented" oil and it had a really strong odor.
it has a strong appearance, I believe that the claim of unscented means that they have not added anything for the scent, such as lavender ...
This is what I really * like * about this pre-shave oil: everything. It is smooth and thick enough to soften my scruff before shaving and easily wash off my hands. Also with other oils my face and pores feel clogged, NOT the case with this oil. The non-scented version still has a very, very, very light odor (after all, it is an oil, so don't expect it to be absolutely odor-free). Have you tried re-applying a curvy cap with oil on your hands (instead of waiting until you're done ... which I never remember for some reason)? If so, this is a pretty solid solution; even if you drop or knock over the bottle, it will not spill everywhere. With the pump you can also use as much as you want / need for your shave ... you know how much you want or need. This is a pretty good product and I don't watch anything regularly unless I think about it 4 or 5 stars and higher. I hope they keep the formula the same. It works, works well and works as described and as expected.
Great pre-shave oil that helps the razor slide. I notice a difference in both the shaving comfort and the proximity that I can achieve with the help of this pre-shave step. Without this I will cut myself and feel shaving fire sooner. I wash my face, apply the oil, apply shaving cream and then shave. And you really need something like this if you use a double-sided safety razor because it doesn't have any lubrication built in like a regular gillette or dollar shave club razor.
Excellent pre-shaving oil. I am a woman and use this on my bikini line under the Coochy Plus shaving balm. I would never shave again without this pre-shave oil. Great product. Absolutely necessary if you want a smooth shave without irritation.
Excellent product. First, compared to another brand I got with Target, this seemed to work better - it felt greasier (in a good way), so that the oil did its job and helped me prevent shaving. And even better, while the oil has a slight orange odor, it must all be natural because it does not cause my rather severe allergies and asthma for most perfumes. Almost every perfumed product hits me out, not this one. This is the second time I buy it - the first one lasted a good year or longer, but I only shave once or twice a week. Can't recommend it highly enough.
Although Anthony is usually a reputable skincare company, you might consider purchasing this product. At the time this article is being written, you can purchase this oil from around $ 32 per 2 oz. bottle.
Now, for a pre-shaving oil with quality ingredients and a simple removal process, that amount of money would be worth it. However, when it comes to this oil, there are a few things that would put it back on the shelf.
The first of these is that two of the main ingredients are olive oil and castor oil. Other than that the typical essential oils are mentioned; such as peppermint, eucalyptus, and rosemary.
Regardless of the benefits that essential oils have, there is a serious problem with the oils used.
Both ingredients make it extremely difficult to completely remove the oil from your skin.
If you are the type of person who finds oil on your skin refreshed, you will have no problems with this product.
However, for the price of this oil, there should be no trace of it. oil and your skin must feel completely fresh and clean. Despite this tendency to leave oil behind, Anthony has made this pre-shave product very light in weight.
With a wonderful scent of eucalyptus and peppermint, you will feel wide awake and refreshed after a morning shave. The oil will still do its job to lift and soften facial hair so that it can be properly shaved.
- Soothing, aftershave effect
- Problems with penetrating thick beards or stubble
John T. Consumer
Works well if I'm too lazy to wash before I shave. It is a very viscous oil that adds a nice layer of lubrication and rinses off after use. The odor is a bit minty and medicine-like in a good way, and not too strong. A star marked because it can solidify at room temperature over time, making it difficult to get the desired amount out of the bottle. Once out, however, it quickly returns to its normal consistency when it is rubbed between your palms.
I started shaving razor blades and my face increasingly resembled Edward Scissorhands. I have very sensitive skin and therefore do not shave every day. Not even with the razor blades with 8 blades (or whatever the number is now). The oil has a very strong, minty odor, which is pleasant. I feel the difference since I started using it. Combine it with a nice aftershave lotion and you will jump with joy over how smooth your face feels afterwards. Of course everyone is a critic, so the results will vary. Would personally recommend to others to try. The price tag is a bit high, so see if someone you know should try something.
I have super sensitive skin and I get ingrown hairs from shaving that leave bumps, making my face look like a mess and feel painful. But when I use the pre-shave oil, no bumps and no problems. I use the product with my electric shaver and a razor. My electric shaver can be used wet or dry, so I don't know if the pre-shave oil works with other electric shavers.
i love eucalyptus tingling and the ease of protecting my face before shaving. Make sure you use less than you think. I put my finger over the opening, tilt it upside down twice and all I have on my finger is all I have to prepare for shaving.
If you’ve just started shaving and want to try one, I have something for you. the Shaveology Pre Shave Oil is All Natural the best and the next product on my list.
This is considered to be one of the best pre-shave oils of today. It helps prepare your skin and beard before shaving. Take a few drops on your palm, rub it in with both hands and then massage it thoroughly on your beard and skin. Don’t forget to rub the palms of your stubble while massaging with your palms.
This helps to lift the hair follicles so that you do not miss any flat hair while shaving.
Most of this Shaveology Pre Shave Oil mainly contains a blend of natural oils, as I said in my pitch for this short review. They are – Safflower oil, Avocado oil, Walnut oil, and Jojoba oil. These natural oils help soothe, nourish and hydrate your skin.
Vitamin E is also there. It helps keep our face rejuvenated during and after the shaving routine.
This ultimately contributes to effortless shaving. These oils take care of your skin without leaving oil behind. They help protect your skin against burns, redness and skin irritation. And so it is also suitable for people with sensitive skin.
I must tell you that most pre-shave oils are intended for safety shavers. This also applies to the Shaveology Pre Shave Oil. Do not use this oil or other pre-shaving oil before shaving with an electric shaver.
This 2 oz bottle of pre-shave oil can be used for almost half a year, depending on how often you want. shave. This has a subtle scent that is just as pleasant and refreshing as the pre-shave oil.
- Natural ingredients give it the hypoallergenic nature of this shaving oil. It is safe for allergic people.
- I don’t have to mention that natural ingredients don’t cause skin sensitivities, right?
- Vitamin E gives your skin the youthful appearance that people want so badly.
- Depending on how often you shave, a 2 oz. the bottle will last almost half a year (6 months).
- The formula contains no fillers. People will not find any chemicals there.
- The consistency may tick off depending on the brands of shaving oils that you used before.
- The lemon scent may not be lucrative for some users.
Questions & Answers
Can you use this as the shaving cream or apply this pre shave and shaving cream?
absolutely, it works great hand in hand with their shave. Here is their link - https://www.amazon.com/Premium-Anti-Aging-Lather-infused-Seaweed/dp/B01B2B7T86/ref\\u003dsr_1_11_a_it?ie\\u003dUTF8\\u0026qid\\u003d1466005844\\u0026sr\\u00268-11 \\ u003dshaveology
Will it work as foam or soap ?
No, you do this before you shave. It softens the skin and hair so that it cuts more easily. If you take a shower first, put it on when you get out of the shower and give it a shaving cream or soap for a minute. You can also shave with only the oil and no shaving cream, but I didn't try it that way.
What is the scent?
this oil wiil be productive to us?
It is a great pre-shaving oil. A little goes a long way.
I try to shave everything. Whatever reviews say, I will try it myself with regard to shaving products. My decision after using a lot of oils is that I would not recommend it unless you just like it. As a pre-shave oil it is only greasy or remotely smooth for your knife for about 2 minutes and it dries / soaks in quickly so that causes the opposite effect. You end up with Drag on the Razor .. When you're done to use this because of the smell, it is better to have your soap soaked to perfection and have everything ready because you don't have time to mix soap and foam, prepare your other items and then shave. First perform ALL preparations. If you like it like me, I don't like rushing the process, so this pre-shave oil is there for me. That said, everyone has different skin types and pores, so you can make a choice, but understand that it will dry quickly.
First of all I have to mention that I am a bald man who chooses to shave the remaining follicles on noggin instead of masking the reflection of my scalp. I usually buy my shaving products from the Art of Shaving, but time didn't leave a trip to the mall. After searching in different stores while shopping, I decided to buy this product online. After I had run out of shaving oil for a week, the dead ruins of my once glorious hair had grown longer than I feel comfortable with. The use of this product in combination with my safety razor gave me frankly shaving the cabinet without irritating the scalp or cheeks. I am pleased to remain a customer of these products.
$ 16 was the price when I got this. I am a barber and use it for shaving around 0-5 shaving per week. This lasted almost two months. I use a nickel in my palm for every customer every customer It says two ounces. I wish there was more. My only complaint is at the new price that it no longer feels good to buy. I do not understand why preshave should be so expensive for a small amount.
I have tried other pre-shave oils before and I must say that this is # 1. It lifts my hair to make me shave better and lets the smoothness of the razor slip while I'm shaving. I use the Shave cream from Shaveology and that is another review. I will continue to order Shaveology products in the future and I feel that I have found my shaving product that I will use every day.
There is much that defines a good shave, whether smoothness, closeness or a lack of skin irritations such as notches and cuts.
All pre-shave oils on our list answer the bell in all those categories, including the Pre Shave Oil For Men from Seven Potions. The latter lubricates and protects your face and has been developed for quality and performance.
It is also ideal for men with sensitive skin because of the way it protects the face and at the same time reduces the risk of wounds and cuts. But it also provides excellent lubrication and hydration for a smooth shave and even removes ingrown hairs after shaving.
You can use the Seven Potions Pre Shave Oil alone or also in combination with your favorite shaving cream or soap. It is odor-free so that it does not disturb the smell of your shaving cream. Either way, you can expect an irritation-free shave, even if your facial skin is more sensitive than most. It softens facial hair to lay the foundation for a smooth shave every time you use it.
We also like the texture of the oil from the seven drinks – it’s not so thick that it hides your razor, but it’s not too thin either.
Like all care products for many men of Seven Potions, their Pre Shave Oil For Men consists of completely natural, organic, vegan and cruelty-free ingredients. You do not have to worry about artificial chemicals, parabens, preservatives, artificial fragrances or colorants. Instead, you will find natural ingredients such as olive oil, sweet almond oil, tea tree essential oil and lavender essential oil, to name just a few.
- Lubricates and moisturizes the skin
- Beautiful, even texture
- All-natural ingredients
- Little or none, but may not protect against shaving fire and other oils.
Works well. Can't do too much to prevent shaving, so why not? Happy with it. Good buy.
Research into the best pre-shave oil brought me face to face with a number of products. Each claims to be the best in itself. All seven on my list somehow took the cake. American Shaving Pre Shave Oil is a special bottle, even within these top choices.
This oil helps hydrate, nourish and protect your skin. It contains a mixture of grapeseed oil, argan oil, hemp seed oil, and jojoba oil. These oils absorb quickly and help prepare our skin by hydrating and conditioning them.
This is in no way the end of the ingredients. It also contains a mix of slow-absorbing oils such as sweet almond oil, olive oil, and avocado oil. This second group of oils creates a layer of lubrication by simply sitting over our skin.
This allows the razor blades to glide smoothly over our skin and through the beard without causing us inconvenience. This means no itching, red spots, and irritations. Don’t worry if you leave oily skin after you have finished shaving. The only thing left is healthier and softer facial tissue.
The composition of oils adds a different quality to your shave. It gives you a persistent scent that is masculine and refreshing. The scent is not overwhelming and does not contain the scent of your perfume. It doesn’t take that long, but it takes a long time to give you an exciting feeling to start your day.
- The natural oils in this mix get absorbed by the skin and provide nourishment from within.
- You get to enjoy a nice soothing scent while you shave and it stays on for some time after.
- The natural oils reduce razor frictions and bring down nicks and cuts in the process.
- Grapeseed Oil, Argan Oil, Hempseed Oil, and Jojoba Oil condition the users’ skins.
- One pack of American Crew Shaving Oil satisfies our shaving urges for as many as four months.
- This product contains Isopropyl Myristate which is a thickening agent and synthetic oil.
Questions & Answers
Has anyone used with electric razor?
I have not
Country of origin? USA?
The bottle says Made in the USA.
Is it for men only or can women use it on their legs to avoid razor bumps?
Hey, Renee! Big question. Although American Shaving Pre-Shave Oil is sold as a product to protect men's faces against shaving and bumps, it certainly also works for use on your legs. My wife actually uses it almost daily when she shaves her legs and has achieved great results with it. Please note that our product has a somewhat masculine odor, so as long as you don't be put off, I think our pre-shave oil will suit you well! Give it a try, if you are not completely satisfied, send us an e-mail and we will ensure that you are 100% refunded. Thank you for contacting us and enjoy your day! -Devin
What essential oils are used for fragrance?
Is not on the bottle, but it smells great. Smells like a nice subtle Cologne.
I didn't expect much and I really didn't expect that much difference. This is my opinion. After shaving, I continued to feel my face, checking for stubble. That was not the case, there are no stubble and my face felt silky soft. Normally after shaving my face would be dry and I would apply after shaving. I thought that was good until I used this conditioner. I look forward to shaving, especially since I have been using a razor for more than 40 years. I will certainly order more. This is a quality product. I just want to say that I am not paid or compensated for review.
Best pre-shave oil I have used. Smells great and works incredibly well. I have fairly sensitive skin and many of the other oils that I have tried in the past (in particular Art of Shaving) are far too thick and oily. American Shaving Pre-Shave Oil delivered a great product for a great price. I put a few pumps of oil on my palm, work it a bit between my hands and then massage evenly over my cheeks and neck. I have not had a shaving fire for months and have fewer cuts. Quite the delicacy for every man who likes a nice shave.
I wanted to try a new pre-shave oil. My normal brand is Art of Shaving, but wanted to see what was available for less. I saw a lot of oils, but these were well recommended and I thought buying such a focused company would be a good shot. I picked up the package and smelled it - wow. The sandalwood is really well done. The pump is also very easy to use. The only thing is that it is a very \\ light \\ oil on the skin. It's good enough, but when I come to my last shave, I know it doesn't protect my skin anymore - what my usual oil does. If you don't do 3 passages on your skin in different directions, this is a great oil. If you do that, you may need a thicker formula. For reference, I shave in the shower and use a badger brush for my shaving cream.
I bought this for my husband and needless to say he is very happy with this product. Because he was the one who used it, I asked him to write the review: this is the first product of its kind that I have tried, because I would normally go straight to the shaving cream. Skeptical at first, this turned out to be something that I will always have in stock when I shave from now on. The knife was able to glide more smoothly over my face, along with a much narrower cut. To make sure that I didn't hypnotize myself with it, I tried to shave with and without it. It definitely ensured a consistently closer and nicer shave every time I used it. When applying the pre-shave oil, I noticed that the razor (which was the same brand that I always use) easily cut through the facial hair. hair when the razor was used. Above all, there was no discomfort at all after shaving. I would not only recommend this product to anyone, but also after the first shave. Since that time I have shaved daily with this product and it is now my favorite shaving product. My only regret is that I had not found this product before. I found that the oil has a great purpose and will no longer be ignored. Very happy that my wife bought this product for me!
Whether you like shaving or consider it a daily dose effortlessly – and we hope not – you’ll agree with fellow shavers that the process can sometimes be a little painful if you’re not careful. Painful, that is, it can cause burns, nicks, and cuts.
This is especially the case if you have sensitive skin, which makes shaving not pleasant at all. Fortunately, shaving products such as Natural Shave Oil from Pacific Shaving Company have men with sensitive skin in mind. Marketed as ‘the best friend of your skin’, natural shaving oil is the best pre-shaving oil for sensitive skin.
The formula of the Pacific Shaving Company helps calm the skin, irritates and reduces bumps and has a variety of safe natural and organic ingredients. It makes your skin hydrated and healthy.
The Natural Shave oil has a nice, thick consistency, which ensures a good layer of protection and lubrication, but it is not so thick that you feel that you have to scrub it after every shave. It also has a non-sticky texture, unlike many other pre-shave oils available today.
The natural list of ingredients of the Natural Shave Oil contains sunflower oil, avocado oil, cucumber fruit extract, aloe vera leaf juice, mandarin peel oil, vitamin E, grapefruit peel oil and many others. It is an environmentally friendly and animal-friendly mix that is safe for your skin and offers excellent lubrication.
The Pacific Company Natural Shave Oil is supplied in a travel-friendly container that complies with TSA approval. That said, it’s not a big bottle, but the good news is that you don’t have to use much of it to reap the benefits before you shave. You can only use it, but it is most effective in combination with shaving cream or gel.
- Great for sensitive skin
- Thick consistency but not too thick
- Made from natural ingredients
- Maybe a bit expensive for its size
Questions & Answers
Does this product feel 'sticky' on the face?
No, it feels silky soft if the right amount is used.
Is this good for using with an electric razor?
I did not use this intention, very doubtful. Works very nicely with razor
why does this bottle cost 17.00 more than the same size on your website?
I really don't understand your question. $ 17. more than what? I paid around $ 23 for a 2 oz. bottle last October. It is approximately 1/3 empty. It does an excellent job, lasts a long time and irritates or does not allow any wounds. . It is well worth the price. And I would recommend it without reservation for any part of the body that needs shaving. If this does not help, clarify your question. Hal S.
Camping with wet/dry electric shaver, will this be easy to wash off with plain water?
Well, it rinses under the tap with a double-blade razor, so I'm sure it will rinse clean in nature.
I walk and pack, and was looking for a small, lightweight product to help me shave during a backpack trip. I always try my backpack products before I go out, so I have been using this shaving oil for several weeks. This shaving oil is now my favorite shaving product. The shaving oil makes my skin better for shaving, makes shaving very flexible, makes it easy to see my skin while shaving and makes my skin smooth and moist (lubricated) after shaving. Compared to shaving cream, the shaving oil gives me a smoother shave without wounds. For me, a little oil on my finger easily rubs a part of my skin; 6 to 8 small dabs and I am ready to start my shave. Also saves on water use; after shaving I only have to rinse my razor once. I think that everyone who shaves his head may also prefer the shaving oil. Great product.
Good stuff! Don't know what's in it, but I get a better shave with this oil than ever with shaving cream. I thoroughly moisten my face with warm water. With about eight drops I cover my beard with a thin film and shave. I use a double-edged razor and shave almost every day. The result is a smooth-looking face without a stubble beard. I have been using this product for more than seven years and I highly recommend it! I save money by buying beautiful, expensive razor blades and shaving cream. I really like this shaving oil!
So I thought I liked Pacific Shaving Co. Natural Shaving Cream (old formula) until I tried this. Now I notice that I have been pressed hard to even finish the tube of cream, because this really works even better. I got it to try because I wasn't happy that they changed what I liked (the shaving cream is a new formula) and thought I'd give it a try - and even if it was only ok, I could just use it for traveling, but when trying out I will now use this as my daily driver (well, daily-like). To use, apply (according to the instructions) 6 to 8 drops on your (wet) face. If you do that, it hardly feels like you've done anything - especially if you have a few days of growth (remember that -ish?). I braced myself for experiencing the pleasure of shaving with basically nothing (for a stroke or two perhaps go to what is left of my shaving cream), but it really worked - great. So MHO, give it a try and don't go crazy until you drag the razor over your face.
This shaving oil works reasonably well. It is neatly applied and ensures a comfortable shave. I use a double-sided safety razor and use a multipass shaving method (never against the grain). It feels like a bit of stubble is still left after using this oil, but I wonder if that might be just the technology. I have tried it both alone and as a pre-foam oil. In itself it seemed to work best, because the foam washed away a lot of it. My only other comparison of oil shaves is what Shaver's Secret came in a racing swag bag. The PSC oil is more neutral in terms of smell and feel, but I have not yet decided whether I like it. I prefer the minty feeling that the Shaver's Secret gives. My biggest problem with the PSC oil is that the dropper is a bit too narrow and requires a considerable amount of force to get even a few drops out. Nothing I'm sure a safety pin can't fix.
FAQ Pre-Shave Oils
1-Why do I Need Pre-Shave Oil?
Have you ever shaved to feel the familiar incentive of a shaving fire, or are you waiting eight hours to see an ingrown hair shape? Yes. We thought so. This is why oil shaves beforehand:
Reduces irritation: for those of you with eczema or another skin condition that makes your skin really sensitive to just about everything under the sun, pre-shave oil can offer exceptional comfort while the precision of your shave has been improved.
Precision: there are many other shaving products that help with this, and although this is not the primary function behind pre-shave oil, it does increase the precision of your shave
Softer hair: even if you opt for the beard trimmer, but still majestic mountain beard, you need some pre-shave oil to keep the hair soft, not coarse. Apart from that, you also see fewer frayed, split ends when you trim certain patches.
2-Use pre-shave oils
So if pre-shave oils have a number of benefits, why don’t more men use it or do they know what it is? Perhaps one of the main reasons why pre-shave oil is often overlooked is because there is some confusion about how it should be used during a shaving routine.
Shower first: some men think they can use a pre-shave oil instead of showering. This is always a mistake. It is still important to thoroughly wet your face with warm water before shaving. This ensures a smooth, comfortable and smooth shave and can also help prevent a shaving fire.
If you constantly suffer from a shaving fire, know that pre-shave oil does not appear as an isolated product, but it can help. Taking a shower or using warm water before shaving helps open the pores and stimulates and enlarges the hair follicles on your face.
Your face is now the perfect environment for shaving. Your razor can easily slide over your skin, reducing friction and, yes, shaving.
Previously, not after: In addition, shaving oil must be applied before using another product such as shaving cream or shaving soap. You only need a cent to get the job done.
Razor points: if you are looking for a good quality razor that doesn’t cost a fortune, try a safety razor. A safety razor delivers a much better shave than those cheap cartridge shavers. It also prevents nicks, cuts, pimples, acne and a shaving fire.
Although a safety razor can shave you much better, some maintenance and maintenance is needed to guarantee the life and quality of your shave.
Make it a habit to thoroughly rinse and clean the knife before and after each use. Don’t forget to change the knife often.
This is the easiest way to spread bacteria on your face, which inevitably clogs pores and causes acne.
After Shave: When you have finished shaving, consider re-using pre-shave oil. This keeps your skin well hydrated all day.
While soaps and creams help to evoke good foam, these best pre-shave oils work at a different level. They help soften the beard and reduce inflammation. Safety razors can, therefore, slide through people’s faces without suddenly stopping.
All in all, there are a number of advantages to using a pre-shave oil. Not only does it hydrate the skin thoroughly, but a quality product is also made with natural ingredients that nourish the skin and make it look smooth and healthy.
As always we would love to hear from you. Do you use pre-shave oils and if so, which product do you prefer? Have you tried something on our list? We welcome your feedback and suggestions.