Are you going to be bald, and do you want to shave your head clean instead of trying a different hair treatment? Or do you love the appearance of a bald head, and do you want to shave your head regularly? Anyway, you have to invest in the best clippers for a shaved head and start shaving your head straight back home. You will save a lot of money if you do it, and you will give yourself a new look that you love.
Do you have to deal with a receding hairline? This is a curse that many men have to deal with. Some are more likely than others, but the truth is that most women do not mind having a bald head.
Most women find it attractive, so some men choose to shave their heads. Whether you are going backward or want a smooth shave, you need a good set of clippers that can do the job.
Choosing a set of best hair clippers for shaved heads to get the job done is quite a job.
Before you buy the best clippers for a shaved head, it’s best to look around and see what your options are.
You have to make sure you buy the best hair clippers for shaved heads on the market, but we have already done the research for you and have the ten best options for you here.
Table Of Contents
- Top 5 Best Clippers for Shaved Head (Quick Summary)
- Things To Consider Before You Purchase Best Clippers For Shaved Head
- 10 Best Clippers For Shaved Head Of 2021
- 1. Wahl Professional 5-star Magic Clipper #8148
- 2. Remington Hc4250
- 3. Wahl Clipper Elite Pro Hair Clipper #79602
- 4. Wahl Clipper Lithium-ion Cordless Clippers #79600-2101
- 5. Andis T-outliner Trimmer With T-blade
- 6. Oster AC T-Finisher 76059-010
- 7. Philips Norelco QC5580/40 Do-It-Yourself Hair Clipper Pro
- 8. Remington HC6550 Cordless Vacuum Haircut Kit
- 9. Ritter H B Zero-Cut
- 10. Andis 17150 Profoil Lithium
- Shave Your Head With Clippers
- FAQs About Best Clippers For Shaved Head
Top 5 Best Clippers for Shaved Head (Quick Summary)
|Wahl Professional 5-star Magic Clipper #8148|
11,120 Customer Reviews
12,519 Customer Reviews
|Wahl Clipper Elite Pro Hair Clipper #79602|
10,084 Customer Reviews
|Wahl Clipper Lithium-ion Cordless Clippers #79600-2101|
6,084 Customer Reviews
|Andis T-outliner Trimmer With T-blade|
4,173 Customer Reviews
Things To Consider Before You Purchase Best Clippers For Shaved Head
Probably the most critical decision you need to make when buying one of these items is whether you need a clipper or a shaver.
Hair clippers are great to use if you do not want to shave them entirely and want to use them for different things.
If you want to be completely clean, it is probably best to choose a shaver.
Hand in hand with Style, if you choose a set of clippers, you may need different comb lengths. This is probably not too much unless you are more serious about shaving your head.
Ease Of Use: Hair Clippers With A User-Friendly Design
If you use balding hair clippers to clean up crooked hair or to shape the hair on the sides of your head, you probably use them very regularly. As such, it is essential to choose balding hair clippers that you can use comfortably.
Make sure you buy bare hair clippers that fit comfortably in your hand and are easy to use. If you can find balding cutters that you can use with minimal reference to a mirror, that might be the perfect fit for you.
With a cord or without a cord
Now, for someone who’s always on the go, this is probably the most important thing you’ll have to deal with. All razors we have mentioned are relatively light, and some even have their carrying bag.
You want something that’s without a cord when you travel a lot. In the past, non-ribbed main shavers were not as powerful as their ribbed rivals, but this is no longer the case. Most shavers used on batteries can shave just as forcefully as anything that is connected to a cable.
Some men choose to use a shaver for travel convenience because it is smaller than a shaver. But if you have to bring foam when you travel, you do not save that much space.
In our opinion, this is not that important. Whether it is 40 or 60 minutes, you will likely recharge your main shaver at a particular time during that time. The only time this matter is that you often travel and without electricity, which most of us are not.
Now, if you invest in an excellent method to shave your head, this does not have to be too much of a good thing. Although there are some very budget-friendly options that we have mentioned if you have little money
10 Best Clippers For Shaved Head Of 2021
Below you will discover what you need to know about a good set of clippers, and you will find some of the best clippers for shaved head currently available on the market.
Wahl is known for its innovative and unique designs when it comes to hair clippers. And it’s straightforward to understand why when you look at the Wahl Professional 5-Star.
This trimmer is the ultimate cordless hair clipper that offers many benefits at every level of the user. This is a professional trimmer, but it is designed with the novice user in mind.
The 2161 high-precision blades are not only extremely durable and long-lasting, but they also offer the superior speed and ease of use you need to achieve sheet, clean, clean, fresh look.
This in combination with the engine performance and you can be confident that the blades will lift and cut the hair effectively, instead of pulling and pulling on it.
90 minute travel time
With ninety minutes of cordless runtime, you have to shave your head three or four times a day before you have to go inside to recharge.
The trimmer is also equipped with a powerful lithium-ion battery. However, when the battery is empty, you can easily switch to wired mode and finish the job.
- Contains all the accessories you need to get started
- Potent engine
- High-precision 2161 blades stay sharp for longer and offer durability
- Cord / wireless use
- Lithium-ion battery provides ninety minutes of wireless autonomy
- Weighs ten dollars
- No travel cover
- Only for sale in the US
Customer Reviews11,120 Reviews
Envío muy serio con llegada en su tiempo, bastante contento con la profesionalidad y sobre la máquina de las mejor del mercado, sin duda alguna aconsejo su compra.Muy práctica, ligera, corte perfecto y estéticamente la máquina esta muy guapa.
A company that distinguishes itself from the others usually does two things:
- First, they have quality products and services.
- Secondly, they are innovative.
Both functions suit the people of Remington who have been shaving a game for a long time and can be seen in the HC4250 Shortcut Pro Self-Haircut Kit.
When it comes to the best wireless trimmers, the HC4250 comes first with a slim, stunning design that’s incredibly light and ergonomically friendly. You can stop this product for many hours before your hand gets tired.
One of the best selling points for the HC4250 is even how comfortable it is to use. And quiet. This is the peaceful ride in the park, not the tractor that attracts the local fair.
Of course, there’s more:
The wide, curved blades of the HC4250 follow the shape of your head to provide maximum coverage and a narrow cut. Offer. The leaves keep things right, not long in places, and short in others.
It is wireless, as advertised, and comes with a lithium rechargeable battery that gives you 40 minutes of runtime, and It takes four hours to get it back on full power.
It comes with nine comb lengths ranging from 1 / 16 to give an exact look get what you want.
The set comes with a cleaning brush, charging adapter, storage/travel pouch, and oil.
It’s also waterproof, which means you can make a mess and can not emphasize that you clean it up later.
Here why you need the Remington
This is an excellent clipper for many reasons, including ideal for a home haircut. The comprehensive design allows you to cover a large cutting area and achieve more with fewer strokes.
Cleaning this bad boy is a breeze, and we know for sure many of you that way. You can take it with you and rinse it in the sink of the hotel. Or, your drain at home.
Anyway, all you have to do is turn on your tap and see the mess in the drain.
What you do not like about the Remington
The battery life does not match that of many other trimmers so that you can make good use of your charging adapter. If you are a professional hairdresser, 40 minutes of juice just does not cut it, no puns.
And even with an abundance of combs, the largest comb of the HC4250 is still a little short.
- This is a great hair clipper for many reasons, including that it is ideal for a haircut at home. Thanks to the broad design, you can cover a large cutting area and achieve more with fewer strokes.
- Cleaning this bad boy is a breeze, and we are sure that many of you will enjoy it. You can take it on the road and flush it out in the sink of the hotel or your sink at home. Anyway, you turn on your tap and watch the mess go down the drain.
- The battery runtime does not match many other trimmers so that you will make good use of your charging adapter. If you are a professional hairdresser, 40 minutes of juice is not enough: no pun intended.
- Even with an abundance of combs, the largest comb of the HC4250 is still a bit short.
Customer Reviews12,519 Reviews
For those who: 1) do not want to spend $ 20 every 2 weeks on a haircut; and 2) I like to keep my hair short ... this is a GREAT machine. I am 66 years old, and although I used to keep my hair longer, I have rejected the hairstyle aspect in favor of cleanliness. Usually, I ruffle my hair but I do not want the chrome-domed look of a shaved head. And besides, I stopped shaving a long time ago. So ... since I like to look clean and professional, I was used to waiting in a hairdresser ...
Obtaining an exceptionally categorized clipper is the best thing you need to maintain your hair, beard, and mustache. The Wahl Clipper Elite Pro has come here for the ultimate rescue!
To ensure that you have the fantastic cut you want, this product is of standard quality.
Knives are self-sharpening
One secure victory with the Wahl Clipper Elite Pro haircut kit is the configuration with the most excellent self-sharpening precision blades.
The product has a slip of metal that grinds the blade as the cut progresses throughout the lifespan of the cutting plotter. The blade becomes sharper due to friction between the edges and the metal strip.
So you have enough time to replace a blade.
Guidebook combs are firmly customized
If the combs of the guide of your hair clipper do not stay integral, there are many disturbing moments. The chance of mistakes during shaving is strengthened.
Fortunately, the Wahl Elite Pro solves the equation because it comes with self-confident mounted combs. Indeed, the United States has applied the right technical details in the configurations
- Manuals combs are stainless steel clip
- Long span Heavy-Duty electric cable
- Warranty is sufficiently stretched to 5 years.
- Blades are self-sharpening
- Accessories include different accessories
- Other types are slightly lighter
- Right or left external ear guides are not included
Customer Reviews10,084 Reviews
After almost a decade of replacing cheaper clipper sets every 2-3 years, I finally decided to buy a more expensive set. I'm glad I did! Even if they last just as long as cheaper ones, there are a handful of things I would like to pay the higher price for. If it matters, I cut my own hair, and have this for as long as I can remember, so my feedback comes from that context. I don't cut someone else's hair and I tend to cut more often (every 5-6 days), so I only need minor adjustments versus having to ...
Just look at the technology that has entered the battery. This trimmer is not only equipped with a powerful lithium-ion battery but also offers a running time of two hours.
It does not stop there. Even more impressive is that the battery can be recharged quickly for ten minutes and can be recharged for up to a year.
Plates can be expensive and hard to change over the years. Not only this, but weaker quality blades do not deliver the smooth, smooth cutting surface that you are trying to reach.
Fortunately, you never have to worry when you have to invest in this trimmer. This Wahl Clipper uses what is known as a self-sharpening technology.
This, in combination with their sharp and durable blades, ensures that this caliper can cut 40% faster hair than any other traditional Wahl Clipper.
- Five-year limited warranty
- Self-sharpening blade technology
- Durable blades
- Mighty engine
- Two-hour wireless runtime
- Only works with 110 alternating current
- Weighs two pounds
Customer Reviews6,084 Reviews
Cabe aclarar que la máquina para terminar los cortes no tiene batería de litio, sino requiere 2 pilas AA, no obstante la duración de la energía es muy amplia, recomendada para estilistas de oficio.
It sounds like the name of a heavy metal band. Or, the character in an action movie.
Although not as sexy and showbiz as the name suggests, the T-Blade is an integral part of the Andis T-Outliner Trimmer. And if you are a man who is looking for a smooth shave – for both your head and your beard – then you will discover what the T-Blade has to offer.
The blade of the T-Outliner Trimmer offers close-cutting for a variety of tasks: clean your bald head, cut your neck, beard and mustache and cut around your ears (a responsibility, not every trimmer does)) can be treated in the right way.)
Indeed, versatility is one of many reasons to appreciate the T-Outliner Trimmer and also places it in the category elite of trimmers. Moreover, you need to give props to the carbon steel blades, which ensure a long life and the same results as with a standard shaver, in both wet and dry conditions.
But there is more. Much more.
- The patented T-Blade system gets a lot of praise, but the Andis T-Outliner Trimmer is hardly a one-trick pony. First, the ergonomic design ensures easy maneuverability and easy access to hard-to-reach areas such as around the ears and the neck.
- The beautiful teeth of the blades ensure the cutting in the neighborhood, so you can keep your scalp clean and beautiful.
- It comes with a 1.8-meter cord so that it can quickly move freely.
- The T-Outliner has a powerful magnetic motor that runs quietly and coolly.
What you like about this trimmer is its ability to perform many different tasks. We talk about keeping your head clean in this post, but we will not forget to forget the T-Outliner’s skill for other facial hair tasks.
In short, this trimmer has become a choice for professional hairdressers and also for men like you who want to use the best tools for your care. We do not blame you. The Andis T-Outliner Trimmer can undoubtedly be one of those tools for you.
Andis people know their stuff. Their products are available in 90 countries, and they make everything from trimmers for pet care to wall-mounted hairdryers that you can find in the bathroom of the hotel room.
Why the Andis t-outliner trimmer can be good
Of course, we think you’ll like this trimmer, but You know the drill with personal taste.
That being said, the Andis T-Outliner is slightly heavier than other trimmers, and the preformed casing can sometimes become uncomfortable. It also does not come with carrying cases
- What you like about this trimmer is its ability to handle many different tasks. We are talking about keeping your head smooth in this post, but we would not refrain from mentioning the usefulness of the T-Outliner for other facial hair tasks.
- In short, this trimmer has become a go-to-choice for both professional hairdressers and boys like you who want to use the best tools for your care. We don’t blame you. The Andis T-Outliner Trimmer can undoubtedly be one of those tools for you.
- The people at Andis know their stuff. Their products are available in 90 countries, and they make everything from animal grooming trimmers to wall-mounted hairdryers that you’ll find in the bathroom of a hotel room.
- Of course, we think you will like this trimmer, but: you know the drill: personal taste is taken into account.
- That said, the Andis T-Outliner is slightly heavier than other trimmers, and the preformed housing can sometimes be uncomfortable. It also does not come with a carrying case.
Customer Reviews4,173 Reviews
Amazon said I last purchased these February 10, 2010, which is correct. I remember buying them just after moving into our house that year. My husband has been balding since his 20's, we discovered these clippers after seeing my father in law use them and picked up some for him. Have shaved his head super close ever since. Flash forward 10 years later and I'm just now having to replace them, to be fair I probably should of replaced them about a year ago when I noticed they started having minor issues. The clippers still ...
Every user of a product or product needs the best possible output. The Oster AC T-Finisher 76059-010 has been specially designed for this purpose.
It is buried in a flourishing way with a sturdy casing for excellent durability, durability, and efficiency.
The dedicated revolving engine noticeably stops the working noise.
Unprecedented leaf configuration
The integrated narrow T-blade is pre-designed for thorough trimming and cutting. Because it is equipped with an overlength of 240 cm of an electric cable, you can easily maneuver and gain access to far-reaching parts of your skin. The T-Finisher Trimmer can be used for modeling hair trimming. You can handle it easily while you trim or make tattoos because of the lightweights
- Exceptionally protected by the housing
- Manufactured in the United States
- Not solid
- Supplied with an electricity cable of more than 240 cm
- Specific rotary motor functions softer than the usual trimmers
- Including a limited warranty
- All-inclusive for each operator
- Exceptionally suitable for trimming bare heads, but not effective for thick and bushy hairs.
- Adjusting the blades is essential for first use
Customer Reviews1,287 Reviews
I purchased this little beast to primarily use as a buzzer for my face as i got tired of shaving every other day and getting irritated every time. i used this for the first time yesterday after adjusting the blade to be a zero. just loosen the two bolts on top , take out the blade and loosen the other two bolts and move the blade up to be flush with a table or something and you have your self a close shave as if its a blade. worked great on my face and body hair. There is ...
With the D.I.Y trimmer, you can cut your hair every day and wherever you want. This fantastic set consists of an electric trimmer, a power cable, hair combs, and a storage situation, and a cleaning brush.
For much better user experience, the durable lithium battery of the clipper delivers 60 minutes of working time after only 1 hour of fast charging. View On Amazon
The exclusive 180 rotating head makes it easy to reach even the smallest spots.
Shaving accessory for the head ensures an utterly smooth shave.
14 built-in length configurations from 0 inch to 19/32 inch
The top-quality stainless steel trimmer blades are sharpening, fully washable for easy cleaning.
Made in Hungary
- The exclusive 180 rotating head makes it easy to reach even the most difficult stains
- Head shave attachment delivers a perfectly smooth shave
- Fourteen built-in length settings from 0 inch to 19/32 inch
- Powerful Lithium-Ion battery delivers 60 minutes of cordless use
- The high-quality stainless steel trimmer blades are self-sharpening, fully washable for easy cleaning
- Made in Hungary
Customer Reviews614 Reviews
I bought them because I was tired of paying $ 20 or more per week for a poor quality hairdresser to give me a standard haircut that I could do myself. Note to others: from the beginning you will not make beauty cuts. You have to practice, practice, practice! I probably had between 5 and 6 haircuts (the first two resulted in me getting bald) before I got down to work and could make decent haircuts. The rotating blade helps A LOT! It is much easier to simply rotate the blade the way you need to cut off any side ...
The worst part about the use of calendering machines is the cleaning process at the end of it. That is no longer a concern if you use this Remington trimmer. People love the titanium-coated blades that cut through each hair and the lithium-ion battery that keeps them turned on.
But the thing they love the most is the vacuum that prevents hair from falling over when you cut your hair. It gives you a whole new experience the next time you get a haircut
- Cutting length: 9 fixed combs (1.5-25 mm)
- Titanium-coated blades The expertly sharpened blade edges ensure the ultimate cutting experience while easily cutting even the thickest hair
- 18-part kit the all-inclusive kit has everything you need for a good haircut: length-setting and tapered combs, hairdressing scissors, blade oil and more
- Lithium Power The advanced chemistry of lithium power offers up to 60 minutes of use after a 4-hour charge. The clipper works cordless, or with cord, XXL vacuum bin The powerful vacuum cleaner ensures that cut hair is caught in the extended bin for easy removal
- Easy to clean Use the supplied brush to remove the hair and then rinse the blades finished under running water for quick cleaning up, storage pouch keep the set in one place with a handy pouch with zipper
Customer Reviews3,035 Reviews
Product= Remington HC6550 hair clipperI’ve cut my hair 10 times with this clipper. I’m pleased to say I haven’t hurt myself, yet.The blades mow through my hair without a problem. No pulling. No snagging. I have black hair, the thickest and strongest variety.The unit is fairly quiet running on battery. Close the door, and no one in the house will know a haircut is going on. The unit is a little louder running on A/C. The battery lasts two cuts on a full charge.I’ve found the vacuum collects about 98% of the clippings. I think the effectiveness of the vacuum ...
Above all, we love the freedom of the power cord. This little balding buddy has a playing time of 65 minutes without stopping. This makes it the perfect partner for a short break or a business trip.
There are two more advantages of this tool:
- the dimensions and versatility.
- The size and weight of this trimmer are fantastic. It fits precisely in the palm of your hand. It even fits in a pocket.
This balding trimmer can also be used as a beard trimmer. With the help of the accompanying combs, you can easily update your beard on the road or at home.
Make no mistake: this trimmer is expensive. The blades are not replaceable, and that is a big minus. All in all, this is still a perfect option. Even more for the frequent traveler. If you can afford it, order it for an easy cutting experience.
- YOUR PERFECT HAIR CLIPPERS & BEARD SHAVER our small and lightweight hair trimmer is packed full of power and High-Carbon Steel 0.05mm (0.002inch) Zero-Blade to achieve the closest shortcut and shave. Perfect for a quick and completely bald finish that other hair clippers just cannot achieve. It’s so good, the professionals use it!
- CORDLESS FUNCTIONALITY shave and cut quickly wherever you want thanks to the Ni-Mh rechargeable technology which can work for approximately 65 minutes. Alternatively use the power cord included with the shaver for non-stop usage
- ERGONOMIC FOR COMFORTABLE USAGE neat and compact it will fit comfortably in your hand. It’s perfect for using yourself or for cutting and trimming someone else’s hair. It weighs just 3.5oz and measures 4 inches long so you can keep it in your gym bag or take it on your travels with you
- ACCESSORIES INCLUDED our zero cutters feature a Zero over-lap blade for short, bald hair at 1.57 in width to cover large areas quickly. Your purchase will also include a 4-comb attachment, lubricating oil, cleaning brush, US socket power adapter and a switching AC/DC power adapter too
- NOT JUST FOR MENS HEAD our nifty, low noise hair cutters can also be used as beard trimmer or for short head hair, mustache’s, intimate body hair and as an intimate lady shaver. It is so reliable that body grooming has never been so fast and convenient
Customer Reviews510 Reviews
Connie Marie King
I use these to cut my own hair now. So easy and sharp. Great clippers
Andis 17150 pro-foil lithium is for all men, especially the one who is proud of his clean shave, both for his bald head and beard, and comes with two films that can be appropriately maintained by ensuring that both films touch the skin at the same time.
It is made to meet the needs of every man with a clean shave and a fresh look. It is equipped with a powerful and quiet rotary motor that ensures smooth movement of the trimmer.
One of the other advantages of 17150 is the fact that it has a very durable battery that lasts for at least 80 minutes after charging and is comfortable to use. Close cutting is easy with this trimmer and the presence of both films at your point and call.
With products such as T-outliner trimmer with T-blade, one can be pretty bald, wear the confidence of a very hairy man, and you never have to worry about being judged.
- Staggered-head shaver blades for a closer shave.
- Lithium-ion battery provides maximum power.
- Ideal for finishing stubble and fade-style haircuts, for added versatility.
Customer Reviews24,657 Reviews
This is the razor professional barbers/hairdressers for head shaving and some facial shaving. It is a quality product and gives a very close shave . However , the makers recommend replacing this part every 6 months , hence the reason I purchased it . If though users bothered to thoroughly clean and service the shaving cutters and foil after every time used , I would suggest that they would last quite a lot longer than 6 months. For instance , if particle of hair and skin scales are left on the cutters they will attract bacteria to feed off them. ...
Shave Your Head With Clippers
Our balding clipper reviews will help you find and buy the right tool, but if you use your trimmer correctly, make sure you get the shave that is best possible. Although it is ideal for someone to cut your hair, not all men have that option.
If you want to do it yourself, you can shave your head here with clippers at home.
- Start with a short haircut or a haircut:Dedicated to the decision to become bald? If you start with some hair on top, make sure that your head is trimmed correctly. Shaving your hair is more comfortable with a haircut instead of a full head of hair. Use the smallest protection size and give yourself a number 1 hairstyle to cut the length of your hair.
- It all starts with the sides:A simple cut can go a lot smoother if you start at the back and sides of your head.
- The direction is crucial:When you shave your head for the first time, the closest shave is achieved by shaving as opposed to the way your hair grows. For most boys, the hair clippers are cut from closer to the back. If you have been shaving your head for quite some time, it is advisable to shave in the direction of your hair.
- Use the handle of your hair clipper: Once you’ve cut your hair considerably, it’s time to shave everything and go for the bald head look. For individual main shavers, this means that you use the lever to pull the teeth of the blade for an even shorter cut.
Jumping and getting bald can be a frightening but exciting experience, and all you need is the right care tools to make it work.
FAQs About Best Clippers For Shaved Head
Are there other functions that can come into practice?
If you buy balding blades with the above functions, it should be helpful to cut your hair.
There are, however, some other functions that can be useful when using balding hair clippers. For example, some models are easier to clean than others.
Some razors require you to demonstrate the blades with a screwdriver, while others require only a little more than running water.
There are also balding clippers with a better grip. If you tend to drop things when you use them, a balding clipper with a good grip can be vital to you.
These are not necessarily necessary functions when buying balding hair clippers. But you will notice that some of these functions will generally make it easier for her
Can you become bald if you shave your head?
No. If you shave, you can leave the hair follicles intact if you do this with bald hair clippers or a shaver.
This means that the hair can continue to grow. Well, if it grew in the first place.
On the other hand, shaving your head won’t make your hair grow stronger or faster. For example, hair can be damaged by dyeing. If you shave, you get the chance to grow new, healthy hair.
How Gradually Hair Fades With Best Hair Clippers For Fading
It is not easy to learn how to fade with your hair clippers. If you want to get your haircut at the hairdresser level, it will not be easy. This is the best video we have found, and you can show how you can make your hair Fading:
How We Have Chosen The Best Hair Clippers For Shaved Head
So you may wonder, what separates these four clippers from every other clipper out there?
The answer is a combination of things. Reliability. The proximity of shaving. The blades. The ease of use. The battery. Versatility. Personal experience.
No, we have not tried every clipper there. If only we had that time.
However, we have done a lot of research, read, and used quantities of reviews that we think are of high quality.
What it comes down to is that we think you’ll be satisfied with one of these excellent cutters.
If you are considering becoming bald, a balding trimmer is the most appropriate choice to clean your head.
They are easy to use and offer a tight closure with minimal danger of robbing yourself. Most of them are also reasonably cheap, and you can purchase one with which you can earn money without much effort.
Now that enough balding clippers are available on the market, choosing the best can be a little tricky.
I’ve delivered everything you want to select for the best clippers for a shaved head
I hope this article will be of service to you. Thanks for reading!